The Origins of E-Commerce
What is the Internet?
In order to provide a discussion on the Internet it is essential to provide a short description on what the Internet actually is.Put in the most basic of terms the Internet can be described of as a massive collection of computers that are sited around the world and that are connected together in order to create a huge network that allows information to be collated and shared by millions of people.
Origins of the Internet
This article is largely built around e-commerce and the way in which technology is transforming the world of retail. The question is therefore raised as to what has made e-commerce the way we know it today? In order to answer this question it is a necessity to discuss the origins of the Internet.
In 1969 the U.S. government undertook an experiment today known to people all around the world as the 'Internet'. The purpose of this experiment was to create a way of preserving communications in the event of a nuclear war. Through the collaboration of ARPA (Advanced Research Project Agency) and some academic institutions involved in joint research on defence technologies via interconnected networks ARPANET the earliest version of the Internet was created.
As time passed the popularity of the Internet grew and what was originally a network of a small handful of computers in the United States was now a growing phenomenon amongst educational establishments and enterprising entrepreneurs who were beginning to see the potential in selling Internet access into peoples homes.
In the 1980's the UK and Europe realised the potential of the Internet just has the USA previously had. In 1980, NSF (National Science Foundation), the body which took an active role to support ARPANET created an academic network called CSNET which enabled the computer science departments of some universities to be connected.
At the start CSNET used a backbone, which was supported by NSF, but in the early 1990's, it established the Internet with TCP/IP with the support of the country's major networking companies.
Even though the Internet clearly existed since the 1980's it was not until the early 1990's that the corporate world were able to make use of it instead of just the academic community and government sponsored organisations. This limited use was due to the 'user unfriendly' nature of the system, which led to the need for an interface to be designed to make the Internet easier to use. This interface is what is now known as the WWW (world wide web).
The World Wide Web (WWW)
In 1993 a researcher called Tim Berners-Lee with the aim of making the Internet a user-friendly environment introduced the WWW. Designers had the task of designing and formatting web pages with the use of HTTP (Hypertext Transport Protocol) and HTML (Hypertext Mark-up Language) to link documents together electronically. This new technology enabled a world wide web of information to be provided.
However real usability came shortly after the introduction of the WWW when in 1993 a team led by Marc Anderson at the University of Illinois developed a browser calledMosaic which was a graphical user interface for the Internet to facilitate point and click navigation, more commonly referred to as browsing.N.Bandyo-padhyay cites Reid (1997) who states that by July 1996, 150,000 server computers were 'web-enabled'. In 1994, the same team developed Netscape, which is today the most commonly used browser. Netscape was equipped with a search engine to type keywords into and was created using advanced HTTP.
Being able to perform keyword searches was a huge factor in the increased popularity of the Internet. Other browsers such as Internet Explorer by Microsoft soon followed and shortly after that several websites dedicated to producing keyword searches such as Yahoo and Lycos appeared. These are today known more popularly as search engines.
The WWW also contributed to providing increased levels of security on the Internet by encrypting the messages that moved between servers. Security on the Internet is today a huge cause of debate.
The Internet Revolution
The increased popularity of the Internet brought about the realisation that almost unlimited amounts of information on any topic would be made available and at little cost and improved convenience. In fact the Internet brought about endless opportunities to exploit enhanced communication techniques in a variety of ways.
It was made possible for people to communicate with family and relatives who lived on the other side of the world without having to pay extortionate telephone bills. Universities were able to educate international students situated in their home countries and businesses were able to use dispersed employees working on the same project through the use of groupware (software designed for a team of workers to share documents and files electronically and work on them interactively) running on the Internet. Technology as always meant considerable changes such as when the Personal Computer (PC) altered the way that businesses now conduct their affairs.The Internet and the WWW created the Internet revolution by causing changes in the way that organisations conduct their business. Dave Chaffey cites Andy Grove (1996), Chairman of Intel and one of the early adopters of e-commerce, who provides the following analogy of the Internet. He says:"Is the Internet a typhoon force, a ten times force, or is it a bit of wind? Or is it a force that fundamentally alters our business?".It seems as though this statement seems to sum up what everybody in this day and age would like to know. It is partly due to this 'Internet enigma' that this article has been compiled.
In a highly competitive market companies have had to review their strategies in order to attract customers. The capabilities of the Internet through the world wide web has meant that the role between business and customer has changed whereby the customer is now able to demand better service and has quick and easy access to information and goods. This has meant that businesses can know longer rely on old practises and must continue to evolve in order to meet ever changing customer demands.
If you like this article and share the same passion for the phenonenom that is e-commerce then please feel free to pay a visit to the authors own e-commerce store at ToyGrottoThe author would very much appreciate any kind of feedback that you have to offer regarding ToyGrotto. Please feel free to submit your comments to the author at email@example.com. All comments and suggestions of all natures will be greatly appreciated and will be taken on board. The key to writing good articles is by having a wealth of knowledge and sources which then can be analysed and shared with others.
Thank you for taking the time to read this article.
The author is 24 years old, has just completed a Business and Computing Bsc Honours Degree and is the owner of an E-Commerce website called ToyGrotto.The author has a special interest in E-Commerce after undertaking E-Commerce has the subject of the authors final year dissertation. If anybody would like to view this disseration please email me at firstname.lastname@example.org. Your views would be greatly appreciated.
Give your customers what they want with ecommerce AI Search Engine Land
Customer Retention Strategies Ecommerce Companies Should Apply In 2023 Search Engine Journal
15 Ecommerce SEO Experts Reveal Top Insights For 2023 Search Engine Journal
Q&A: Executive Recruiter on State of Ecommerce Employment Practical Ecommerce
More European companies engage in B2B ecommerce Digital Commerce 360
Nestlé aggressively pursues online sales, predicting a 'rebound' in e-commerce, rise of 'channel-less commerce' - FoodNavigator-USA.com
Nestlé aggressively pursues online sales, predicting a 'rebound' in e-commerce, rise of 'channel-less commerce' FoodNavigator-USA.com
Ecommerce SEO & UX: 4 simple tips to boost traffic and sales Search Engine Land
Nestlé projects ecommerce will be 25% of sales by 2025 Digital Commerce 360
An offroad tire maker rolls out a new ecommerce site Digital Commerce 360
Ecommerce Product Releases: December 4, 2022 Practical Ecommerce
Ecommerce Week 2023 | Events Retail Week
Mark Zuckerberg admits he over estimated e-commerce boom amid layoffs The Washington Post
The Future Of eCommerce Delivery We Heart
Sustainable Ecommerce Packaging Trend Hunter
Luzern eCommerce Announces Three Executive Hires To Fuel Growth Plans Across Europe And North America - Great Reporter
Luzern eCommerce Announces Three Executive Hires To Fuel Growth Plans Across Europe And North America Great Reporter
The Gummy Project Officially Launches in U.S. Market with Ecommerce Site and Nationwide Shipping - Yahoo Finance
The Gummy Project Officially Launches in U.S. Market with Ecommerce Site and Nationwide Shipping Yahoo Finance
How Has E-Commerce Changed in 2022? ThomasNet News
Food Service Industry Growing E-commerce Adoption to Improve Prospects for the Food Service Companies: Industry Predicted to Cross US$ 5.8 Tn by 2033 - Yahoo Finance
Food Service Industry Growing E-commerce Adoption to Improve Prospects for the Food Service Companies: Industry Predicted to Cross US$ 5.8 Tn by 2033 Yahoo Finance
Ecommerce Product Releases: November 15, 2022 Practical Ecommerce
TLS Launches E-Commerce Services with SOLOCHAIN WMS Yahoo Finance
Quantifying the global e-commerce slowdown TechCrunch
E-Commerce Payment Gateway Market – Major Technology Giants in Buzz Again | JC Market Research - Yahoo Finance
E-Commerce Payment Gateway Market – Major Technology Giants in Buzz Again | JC Market Research Yahoo Finance
Elastic Path eyes market expansion with $30 million in new funding Digital Commerce 360
TikTok Launches eCommerce Feature in US PYMNTS.com
Council reviewed £202mn 'loan to THG' but lent to ecommerce group's founder instead - Financial Times
12 Online Business Tips for Your eCommerce Store to Enhance Customer Experience & Drive Sales - Customer Think
12 Online Business Tips for Your eCommerce Store to Enhance Customer Experience & Drive Sales Customer Think
Newly launched ShopSphere solution from Mozanta well placed to support UAE's eCommerce growth - ZAWYA
How e-commerce, food-delivery firms are driving EV sales Economic Times
Taylor Launches New E-Commerce Site for Small Businesses, Announces 20% Discount Offer - Business Wire
Taylor Launches New E-Commerce Site for Small Businesses, Announces 20% Discount Offer Business Wire
Global eCommerce Transactions Expected To Grow 15% During 2022 Holiday Season, Showing Optimism - Business Wire
Global eCommerce Transactions Expected To Grow 15% During 2022 Holiday Season, Showing Optimism Business Wire
‘Godzilla’ Studio Toho Makes Key Appointments for U.S. Outreach, E-Commerce Venture (EXCLUSIVE) - Variety
‘Godzilla’ Studio Toho Makes Key Appointments for U.S. Outreach, E-Commerce Venture (EXCLUSIVE) Variety
Mobile Ecommerce Success Calls for the ‘Instagramification’ of the App Experience - Retail TouchPoints
Mobile Ecommerce Success Calls for the ‘Instagramification’ of the App Experience Retail TouchPoints
House OKs e-commerce bureau bill Philstar.com
SG eCommerce marketplace players address illegal goods being sold on platform - Marketing Interactive
SG eCommerce marketplace players address illegal goods being sold on platform Marketing Interactive
15 Best E-Commerce Stocks to Buy Now Yahoo Finance
World's First eCommerce Metaverse Fashion Mall, Avatly, Launches Using Cutting-Edge Technology - MarTech Series
World's First eCommerce Metaverse Fashion Mall, Avatly, Launches Using Cutting-Edge Technology MarTech Series
Alibaba launches ecommerce platform in Spain Tech in Asia
eCommerce As a Public Good? India’s Trying It Out PaymentsJournal
Meet Aderonke Ajose-Adeyemi, the woman building an infrastructure for seamless eCommerce in Africa - Ventures Africa
Meet Aderonke Ajose-Adeyemi, the woman building an infrastructure for seamless eCommerce in Africa Ventures Africa
How To Set Up E-Commerce In 2022 RealtyBizNews
Coveo Relevance Cloud Named Winner for Ecommerce Innovation by the UK Ecommerce Awards - MarTech Series
Coveo Relevance Cloud Named Winner for Ecommerce Innovation by the UK Ecommerce Awards MarTech Series
JioMart is finally making a dent in Amazon and Walmart's e-commerce stronghold in India - Rest of World
JioMart is finally making a dent in Amazon and Walmart's e-commerce stronghold in India Rest of World
Effective Ways to Promote Your eCommerce Store on a Budget | Andre Oentoro NewsBreak Original
Ecommerce Growth Market Is Expected to Boom | Mondelez International, PepsiCo, Amazon - Digital Journal
Ecommerce Growth Market Is Expected to Boom | Mondelez International, PepsiCo, Amazon Digital Journal
Global Multi-Channel ECommerce Software Market Trends, Segmentation, Outlook, Industry Report to 2030 – PRIZM News - PRIZM News
Global Multi-Channel ECommerce Software Market Trends, Segmentation, Outlook, Industry Report to 2030 – PRIZM News PRIZM News
FMCG B2B e-Commerce Market to Reach $1220.5 Billion, Globally, by 2031 at 9.0% CAGR: Allied Market Research - Yahoo Finance
FMCG B2B e-Commerce Market to Reach $1220.5 Billion, Globally, by 2031 at 9.0% CAGR: Allied Market Research Yahoo Finance
ESE Entertainment Announces Record Monthly Ecommerce Revenue StreetInsider.com
Sales Report 2022: Thanksgiving, Black Friday, Cyber Monday Practical Ecommerce
Is This Little-Known Company the Next E-Commerce Powerhouse? The Motley Fool
Minim Expands E-Commerce Footprint With OfficeDepot.com Yahoo Finance
5 Content Marketing Ideas for January 2023 Practical Ecommerce
Cart.com and FedEx to Tackle E-Commerce Challenges by Enhancing Merchant Strategies and Consumer Experiences - Business Wire
Cart.com and FedEx to Tackle E-Commerce Challenges by Enhancing Merchant Strategies and Consumer Experiences Business Wire
PayPal-backed Israeli e-commerce platform connects to Amazon, aims to triple clients - The Times of Israel
PayPal-backed Israeli e-commerce platform connects to Amazon, aims to triple clients The Times of Israel
GUEST COMMENT Ten ways to reduce the impact of ecommerce returns InternetRetailing
Social Commerce is Expected to Contribute US$42 Billion to Southeast Asia's E-Commerce Market by end of 2022: Cube Asia's Inaugural Report - Yahoo Finance
Social Commerce is Expected to Contribute US$42 Billion to Southeast Asia's E-Commerce Market by end of 2022: Cube Asia's Inaugural Report Yahoo Finance
Scarce City Launches Bitcoin ECommerce Platform SatsCrap Bitcoin Magazine
Locus launches new system for optimizing e-commerce delivery schedules - Robotics and Automation News
Locus launches new system for optimizing e-commerce delivery schedules Robotics and Automation News
How to Generate Cash from Your Web Site
The Internet has changed the way people do business today. Most business owners don't have to rent an office in order to run their business.
The Top 10 E-Commerce Ways to Follow up with Clients - Part 2
Did you know that 80% of all sales are made after the 5th contact? The biggest mistake we make is not following up with our clients regularly. We not only lose the chance to offer other services and products, we lose the chance for satisfied clients' referrals.
Is It Still Possible To Make Money On The Internet?
Many people are saying that the internet is dead. So is there still money to be made on the Internet?The answer is a definite YES.
Intranet Project - RAD or Waterfall?
Building BridgesI have often used the analogy of building a bridge to explain to business colleagues the difference between Rapid Application Development (RAD) and Waterfall.Let's say that we are in the middle ages and the Mayor of Kingston-upon-Thames is evaluating whether or not to build a bridge over the river to the north side, to replace the current ferry.
Dont Get Ripped Off Getting A Merchant Account
Far too many people get ripped off when setting up a merchant account for their online business. The biggest reason is that they don't understand their options and are intimidated by the whole process.
The Rise of Multinational Virtual Corporations
The virtual corporation is the emerging organisational form, which best combines, a fluid ability to adapt to rapidly changing markets and is able to leverage its skills with the complementary skills of other corporations.In the concept's purest form, each company that links up with others to create a virtual corporation will be stripped to its essence.
Do Your Online Brokerage Business With Zero Down
If you have little or no capital but you want to do big international business; if your small business is not doing so well; or your capital is low, why don't you turn to the Internet? The Internet is the fastest and most efficient method for the newcomer and the struggling businessperson to become an international broker of goods and services.To start, you may order directories of importers; but they are not absolutely necessary: importers can be found on the business portals too.
A Tale of Two Revolutions - Ecommerce: A Historical Perspective
The World As It Then WasThe dynamic economic growth of the late 19th century placed greater and greater demand on horses to deliver manufactured goods between train and local destinations. Horses pulled stagecoaches, buggies, omnibuses, cabs and even shipping barges in canals.
Do You Need A Merchant Account?
Deciding when to get your own merchant account for internet sales can be a confusing and expensive venture. If you have a small to medium sized business and only sell a small amount of products then having your own merchant account may not be the answer for you.
Free Competition Analysis for E-Commerce Startup
For anyone who has completed research regarding e-commerce, there are some common catch phrases that we all come across. 'Competition Analysis' is one of those catch phrases.
Alternative E-Commerce Solutions
Over the past several years, the Internet has emerged as a breakthrough technology that has and will continue to transform the way we live and communicate, and especially the way we do business.No matter if you are selling a product or a service, the Internet is a means of reaching markets that had otherwise been unreachable in the past.
The Internet Challenge
In spite of the increasing attention on how the Internet is changing the business landscape, many small business owners are still struggling to understand its influence. But unlike the ceaseless blinking of the home VCR, the impact of the Internet cannot be ignored.
eCommerce Software Solutions
All of the long, grueling nights and an unknown number of working weekends spent converting your dream into reality finally paid off-in a big way! Affiliates are signing up every single day and the clicks have really turned into cash. Your success is not limited to a lonely website but several and all of them are helping you move very diverse product lines.
The Five Most Commonly Encountered, Off-putting E-commerce Errors
While getting less public handwringing than during holiday season, the "abandoned shopping cart problem" continues to wreak havoc on online sales. Recently I judged a raftload of sites for the Webby Awards (my second time) and for the Inc.
To conduct business on the Internet, whether informal, one-time only transactions between two friends, or a full-fledged business selling products or services, payment arrangements have to be made. Before 1998, this often meant either checks sent through snail-mail, or very expensive, and often hard-to-obtain, merchant accounts for online credit card processing.
The Ecommerce Business Plan
Simply put, business plans can make or break your business. Starting a Drop Ship business online is no different from starting a traditional non-online business.
Effective Management Of Your Customer Services
With a third party merchant account you will have a dedicated 24/7 support team to handle your credit card payment on your behalf as part of your package. You will also need to provide your own support for issues relating directly to your product.
Online Customer Service - The Cornerstone of a Successful Online Business
Online customer service is still one of the most frequently overlooked aspects of running a successful online business. Yet, in the highly competitive world of Internet business, it could be (and should be) the one thing that sets you apart from your competition!Most Internet businesses that have a drive to succeed focus all of their time and resources on building a great site, and then trying to drive tons of traffic to that site.
Managing Project Risks and Issues
Inherent (or Business) RiskInherent Risk is the risk that exists in the environment around your portal project. It will tend to be unique to your organisation; it's culture and politics.
Using Credit Cards Securely Online
Nowadays, shopping online is a very common thing. Making your purchases without leaving your house is an attractive option for many of us.
|home | site map|